2007 to 2016 Saw Rise in ADHD Prevalence in Adults, Children

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FRIDAY, Nov. 1, 2019 — From 2007 to 2016, the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) increased among adults and children, according to a study published online Nov. 1 in JAMA Network Open.
Winston Chung, M.D., from Kaiser…

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Publication date: October 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 111Author(s): Chao Huang, Wenguang Hu, Ge Tan, Yang Xu, Ling Liu

Publication date: Available online 17 June 2020Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Jialiang Guo, Xiangsheng Luo, Bingkun Li, Qinyuan Chang, Li Sun, Yan Song

ACS Chemical NeuroscienceDOI: 10.1021/acschemneuro.0c00136

Source: ACS Chemical NeuroscienceCategory: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research

High throughput sequencing of bacterial 16S rRNA genes and metagenomes were applied to analyze complex microbial communities inhabiting the human gut and other body sites, and their role in numerous diseases. Studies in animals were important for elucidating the effects of the gut microbiota on the brain and behavior, and the responsible mechanisms. Recent studies in patients have identified bacterial taxa of the gut microbiome possibly impacting different neurological and psychiatric disorders including ADHD. Furthermore, antibiotic treatment of infections globally shape compositions of gut microbiota and might indirectly…

We examined the association between prenatal antibiotic exposure and risk of ADHD.
METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of children born in Manitoba, Canada, between 1998 and 2017 and their mothers. We defined exposure as the mother having filled 1 or more antibiotic prescriptions during pregnancy. The outcome was diagnosis of ADHD in the offspring, as identified in administrative databases. We estimated hazard ratios (HRs) using Cox proportional hazards regression in the overall cohort, in a separate cohort matched on high-dimensional propensity scores and in a sibling cohort.
RESULT…

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Abstract
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder. In contrast to earlier assumptions, ADHD at least partially persists into adulthood in 50-80% of the patients.This narrative review article highlights the risks, treatment options, and care requirements associated with the transition to adulthood. Available epidemiological and routine care data and guidelines are reviewed and screened for indications and recommendations to improve the health-care of adolescents with ADHD.Epidemiological and routine care data point to a care gap for adolescents with ADHD …

AbstractDebates concerning whether Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) mitigates responsibility often involve recourse to its genetic and neurodevelopmental etiology. For such arguments, individuals with ADHD have diminished self-control, and  hence do not fully satisfy the control condition for responsibility, when there is a genetic or neurodevelopmental etiology for this diminished capacity. In this article, I argue that the role of genetic and neurobiological explanations has been overstated in evaluations of responsibility. While ADHD has genetic and neurobiological causes, rather than embrace th…

Source: NeuroethicsCategory: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Authors: Lee JW, Seo K, Bahn GH
PMID: 32570298 [PubMed]

BACKGROUND: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder (CD), and sensation seeking (SS) have been consistently related to a higher risk of substance use (SU) and substance use disorder (SUD).

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relati…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neuropsychiatric disorder, but its pathophysiology remains unclear. Vitamin D deficiency may increase risk for ADHD. A review of the literature was conducted to evaluate the vitamin D status of children with ADHD. Most of the evidence suggests that children with ADHD have significantly lower vitamin D levels than children without ADHD. Supplementation may help treat ADHD symptoms, but some investigators concluded that children with ADHD and children without ADHD do not significantly differ in vitamin D levels. However, identifying and treating vitamin D def…

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