A double-blind, randomized study of extended-release molindone for impulsive aggression in ADHD

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Objective: To evaluate efficacy and safety of SPN-810 (extended-release molindone) in a Phase-2b, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study of children (6-12 years) with ADHD and persistent impulsive aggression (IA). Method…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Abstract
BACKGROUND: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a diagnosis relating to neurocognitive impairments associated with prenatal alcohol exposure. A key aspect of improving FASD diagnostic processes and management is understanding the demographic and neurocognitive profile of those living with FASD. The aim of this study was to describe the demographic and neurocognitive profile of the first 199 individuals diagnosed with FASD in PATCHES Paediatrics clinics.
METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study design was conducted with individuals diagnosed with FASD between 2013 and 2018 thro…

ConclusionsOur findings support the hypothesis that ADHD additionally diminishes inhibition ability in individuals with AUD. This may increase relapse risk when confronted with alcohol cues. Further, it is crucial for patients with comorbid AUD and ADHD to take into account not only reduced cognitive control over behavioral inhibition but also simultaneously heightened alcohol cue-reactivity.

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Parabens, which are used as a preservative in foods and personal care products, are detected in nearly 100% of human urine samples. Exposure to parabens is associated with DNA damage, male infertility, and endocrine disruption in adults, but the effects of prenatal exposure are unclear. In part, this is due to inadequate assessment of exposure in maternal urine, which may only reflect maternal rather than fetal exposure. To address this gap, we examined the association of prenatal methylparaben measured in meconium with preterm birth, gestational age, birthweight, maternal thyroid hormones, an…

Source: Environment InternationalCategory: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence rates of externalizing symptom, ADHD, as well as internalizing symptoms, depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, self-esteem, and alcohol problem in Korea juvenile delinquency for the first time in Ko…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Conclusion: Oppositional-defiant symptoms, depressive symptoms, and a higher number of impaired neuropsychological tests are associated with worse clinical response to methylphenidate. Other stimulants or non-stimulants treatment may be considered when these clinical and neuropsychological variables converged in the first clinical interview.
PMID: 32174998 [PubMed]

ConclusionsThese data support choline as a potential neurodevelopmental intervention for FASD and highlight the need for long-term follow-up to capture treatment effects on neurodevelopmental trajectories.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.Gov#NCT01149538; Registered: June 23, 2010; first enrollment July 2, 2010

This study showed the relationship between ADHD, suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and alcohol problem in Korean juvenile delinquency. Also this study showed that ADHD and self-esteem were important factors in predicting juvenile delinquency. Therefore, in order to prevent juvenile delinquency, special attention, and consideration are needed for adolescents with high ADHD or low self-esteem.

Source: MedicineCategory: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

DiscussionAll cases were females with long-standing B/P type AN, often with multiple purging behaviors, other impulsive and non-impulsive comorbidities, and many environmental vulnerabilities. Different motivations were found for these extreme behaviors in addition to ED-related factors, mostly not related to suicide. The severity of the medical and psychological condition required multimodal medical and psychological inpatient interventions. The patients mostly did not comply with their treatment, showing considerable indifference to their grave medical condition.

BACKGROUND: Studies of the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drug therapy and suicidal ideation and attempts (SIA) have conflicting results. METHODS: Cohorts of patients with ADHD aged 6 years or older with at leas…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

This study aimed to examine the associations between medication treatment for ADHD a…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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