ADHD is associated with a widespread pattern of risky behavior across activity domains

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This study tests whether ADHD is associated with a pervasive tendency to engage in risky behav…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Conclusion: This international consensus statement can be used by clinicians and patients together in a shared decision-making process to select the best interventions and to reach optimal outcomes in adolescent patients with concurrent ADHD and SUD.Eur Addict Res

Adolescents with ADHD demonstrate increased risk-taking behavior (RTB) like substance abuse and dangerous traffic conduct. RTB in adolescence is more likely under peer influence. The current investigation (1) tests the hypothesis that adolescents with ADHD…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Abstract
Adolescents with ADHD demonstrate increased risk-taking behavior (RTB) like substance abuse and dangerous traffic conduct. RTB in adolescence is more likely under peer influence. The current investigation (1) tests the hypothesis that adolescents with ADHD are particularly susceptible to such influence and (2) tests whether groups differed in autonomic reactivity to peer influence. Adolescent boys between 12 and 19 years with (n = 81) and without (n = 99) ADHD performed the Balloon Analogue Risk Task twice. In the peer condition, a highly credible virtual peer manipulation…

Source: Journal of Abnormal Child PsychologyCategory: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Conclusions: The ICASA research to date has demonstrated a high prevalence of comorbid ADHD and SUD, associated with elevated rates of additional comorbidities and risk factors for adverse outcomes. More research is needed to find the best way to treat these patients, which is the main topic of the ongoing INCAS study.Eur Addict Res

AbstractIndigenous communities lack representation in psychiatric epidemiology despite disproportionate exposure to risk factors. We document the cumulative and 12-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders across the early life course among a sample of Indigenous young adults and compare prospective and retrospective reporting of lifetime mental disorders. This community-based participatory research includes data from 735 Indigenous people from 8 reservations/reserves. Personal interviews were conducted between 2002 –2010 and 2017–2018 totaling 9 waves; diagnostic assessments of DSM-IV-TR alcohol abuse/dependen…

CONCLUSIONS: The presence of ADHD diagnosis in the selected group, has been shown to increase the vulnerability of up to twice the chronic consumption of psychostimulants, an observation of great therapeutic and prophylactic importance for clinical practice. The research also confirms the fact revealed in the latest data from the international literature regarding the consumption of psychoactive substances from young ages, with multiple comorbidities and recurrent behavioral disorders secondary to drug use and major difficulties in following the recommendations of treatment and to get the remission that put their mark on t…

AbstractAttention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with an increased risk for substance abuse and addiction. Synthetic cannabinoids (SC) have gained rising importance as their consumption increased rapidly in the last few years. However, SC consumption in patients with adult ADHD has not been investigated yet. A prospective clinical pilot study was conducted, including 60 adults with ADHD, assessing the prevalence of SC consumption and its associations with psychiatric comorbidities and patient characteristics. A drug consumption survey was utilized to investigate the use of SC and other drugs. Current A…

Depression, suicide, substance abuse monitoring found for most teens, but only half monitored for sexual risk

Source: The Doctors Lounge – PsychiatryCategory: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Neurology, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news

(Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia) Researchers from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) wanted to better understand how primary care doctors addressed risks with ADHD patients as they transitioned from childhood to young adulthood. They found that although doctors generally discuss depression, substance abuse, and suicide risk with patients who have a history of ADHD, they rarely discuss safe driving with them and most of the time they do not monitor patients for risky sexual behavior.

In conclusion, to understand the mechanism of action of the drug, it is essential to study, simultaneously, on more than one brain site, the electrophysiological and behavioral effects of acute and chronic drug exposure, as sensitization and tolerance are experimental biomarkers indicating that a drug has addictive potential. The behavioral and neuronal data obtained from this study indicates that chronic MPD exposure results in behavioral and biochemical changes consistent with a substance abuse disorder.
PMID: 31987926 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Brain Research BulletinCategory: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Bull Source Type: research

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