An update on mental health problems and cognitive behavioral therapy in pediatric obesity

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Prevalence of pediatric obesity has increased worldwide in the last 20 years. Obese children suffer not only physical complications but also mental health problems such as depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and eating disorders, a…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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lotie T
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Severe malocclusions appear in up to 20 per cent of the population. Many neuropsychiatric diseases are likely to have a neurodevelopmental, partially genetic background with their origins as early as fetal life. However, the possible relationship between neurodevelopmental disorders and severe malocclusions is unclear. The aim of this study was in a population-based setting (270 000 inhabitants) to investigate whether patients with severe malocclusions have more mental and behavioural disorders and growth or speech problems than controls without severe malocclusion.
MATERIAL AND M…

Source: European Journal of OrthodonticsCategory: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research

Anthropometric traits and mental disorders or traits are known to be associated clinically and to show genetic overlap. We aimed to identify genetic variants with relevance for mental disorders/traits and either (i) body mass index (or obesity), (ii) body composition, (and/or) (iii) body fat distribution. We performed a look-up analysis of 1,005 genome-wide significant SNPs for BMI, body composition, and body fat distribution in 15 mental disorders/traits. We identified 40 independent loci with one or more SNPs fulfilling our threshold significance criterion (P

Abstract
Although it has been initially synthesized for therapeutic purposes and currently FDA-approved and prescribed for obesity, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, narcolepsy and depression, methamphetamine became a recreational drug that is nowadays massively manufactured illegally. Because it is a powerful and extremely addictive psychotropic agent, its abuse has turned out to become a major health problem worldwide. Importantly, the numerous effects triggered by this drug induce neurotoxicity in the brain ultimately leading to serious neurological impairments, tissue damage and neuropsychological dist…

Source: Ageing Research ReviewsCategory: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Ageing Res Rev Source Type: research

Abstract
All large population-based administrative studies currently indicate a significant comorbidity of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with addictive, anxiety and in particular affective disorders. In these investigations the risk for one of these comorbid disorders increased with increasing age of the ADHD patients. The most recent genome-wide association and correlation studies also revealed indications for joint genetic risk factors of ADHD with, in particular unipolar depression, bipolar disorder, autism spectrum disorders, Tourette’s syndrome and to a lesser extent schizophrenia…

Source: Der NervenarztCategory: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research

ConclusionsA psychiatric diagnosis before GBP surgery was associated with delayed discharge and increased likelihood of reoperation within 30  days. Patients with a prior psychiatric diagnosis may, therefore, need additional attention and support.

Source: Obesity SurgeryCategory: Surgery Source Type: research

Abstract
The goals of the health maintenance visit in school-aged children (five to 12 years) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. During the visit, the physician should address patient and parent/caregiver concerns and ask about emergency department or hospital care since the last visit; lifestyle habits (diet, physical activity, daily screen time, secondhand smoke exposure, hours of sleep per night, dental care, safety habits); and school performance. Poor school performance may indicate problems such as learning disabilities, attention-deficit/hyp…

Source: American Family PhysicianCategory: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research

Conclusions: Bipolar disorder is common among primary care patients presenting with depression; it is often treated exclusively in primary care. Clinicians should be alert for symptoms of bipolar disorder in undiagnosed patients, know what symptoms probabilistically suggest bipolar versus unipolar depression, have expertise in providing ongoing treatment to diagnosed patients, and be knowledgeable about managing common medication-related side effects and comorbidities. Prompt and accurate diagnosis is critical.
PMID: 31311335 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Abstract
The anti-inflammatory diet is based on two diets that have been shown to have many positive health effects-the Mediterranean diet and the Okinawan diet. The anti-inflammatory diet is more than just a prescription for healthy food, but rather a way of life characterized by a plant-based diet and a pattern of living that includes eating a diverse range of locally grown foods eaten in season, conviviality, culinary activities, physical activity, and rest. The Mediterranean diet has been shown to reduce the burden and even prevent the development of cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, depression, colorecta…

Source: Pediatric AnnalsCategory: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Ann Source Type: research

Individuals diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) across the life span are at significantly increased risk for a wide range of adverse outcomes, including substance use, obesity, and suicidal behavior. Risky driving, measured in…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Authors: Rupp K, McCoy SM
Abstract
Background: Adolescents with obesity are more likely to experience bullying in comparison to their healthy weight peers. However, it is unclear whether adolescents with obesity are more likely to perpetuate bullying or be both, a bully perpetrator and a bully victim. The purpose of this analysis was to examine differences in bully perpetration, victimization, and both (perpetration and victimization) by BMI classification in a nationally representative sample of adolescents. Methods: Analyses included 31,770 adolescents, ages 10-17, from the combined 2016-2017 National Survey of C…

Source: Childhood ObesityCategory: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

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