Chemicals in food, clothing, cosmetics increase ADHD risk in children, study finds

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Exposure to certain chemicals commonly found in cosmetics and processed foods increases a child’s risk for developing ADHD-like behaviors by more than 30%, according to a study published Friday by JAMA Network Open.

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OBJECTIVE: ADHD is linked to increased engagement in risky behavior (ERB). Recent work suggests that this link is mediated by the perceived benefits of the behaviors, but not by the perceived risks or the attitudes toward the risks. Here we examine this hy…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

BACKGROUND: Currently, our understanding regarding treatment of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) co-occurring with bipolar disorder (BD) remains limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of central stimulant (CS) treatm…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

AbstractParental expressed emotion and positive reinforcement are assumed to affect the development of oppositional and callous-unemotional behaviors in children at risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). As longitudinal research on this issue is scarce, we analyzed the respective links between preschool and school age. 138 five-year-old (m = 58.2,s = 6.2 months) children (59% boys) with elevated ADHD symptoms (according to screening) were assessed at the ages of five and eight years. At 5 years, maternal expressed emotion (using the Five Minute Speech Sample) and posi…

This study shed light on risk and protective factors associated with ASD in the Lebanese population. Further rigorous research, taking into consideration these factors, is needed to assist in early detection, prevention and subsequent intervention targeting ASD and its associated comorbidities, given that our study is not experimental and does not prove causality.

ConclusionSensory features can be best described by three homogeneous sensory subgroups that differ in sensory severity gradients along seven continuous factor scores. Identified sensory subgroups were further differentiated by the severity of core and co-occurring symptoms, and level of adaptive functioning, providing novel evidence on the associated clinical correlates of sensory subgroups. These sensory subgroups provide a platform to further interrogate the neurobiological and genetic correlates of altered sensory processing in ASD.

Source: Molecular AutismCategory: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

An excerpt from This Is Your Brain on Food: An Indispensable Guide to the Surprising Foods that Fight Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, OCD, ADHD, and More. Suzy was a bright and hardworking student. However, even though she was conscientious and generally cheery, her grades began to fall during her senior year, and she started to feel […]Find jobs at  Careers by KevinMD.com.  Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now.  Learn more.

Source: Kevin, M.D. – Medical WeblogCategory: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions Nutrition Psychiatry Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: November 2020Source: Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 61Author(s): Monique Moore Hill, Devon Gangi, Meghan Miller, Sabrina Mohamed Rafi, Sally Ozonoff

PMID: 32855146 [PubMed – in process]

Conclusion: Patients have seen statistically significant improvements in their ADHD symptomatology in the classroom environment, health related quality of life, and their overall behavior in comparison to placebo, atomoxetine, and OROS-MPH. However, clinical judgment should be utilized when prescribing LDX due to patient specific needs and the side effect profile.
PMID: 32845786 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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