Deep learning could help MS patients avoid GBCA MRI

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With the aid of a deep-learning model, a team of researchers has detected with…Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading:
AI-based model aids fMRI in ADHD detection
7T MRI finds promising MS biomarker
MS patients show signs of gadolinium retention on MRI
3T MRI can identify visual sign to distinguish MS
AI can predict cognitive development from MRI at birth

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AbstractParents play a critical role in child and adolescent mental health care and treatment. With the increasing implementation of shared decision-making (SDM) across health settings, there is a growing need to understand the decision support interventions used to promote SDM in child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). The overall aim of this review is to identify and examine the existing decision support interventions available for parents. A broad search was conducted using the key concepts “shared decision-making”, “parents” and “child and adolescent mental health”. Five…

Discussion
Memory is an important part of what distinguishes higher order species from others. Memory also is part of one’s self-identity. Difficulties in short-term memory can make common, everyday tasks difficult for the person experiencing the problem particularly if it recently occurred and the person’s long-term memory is intact. Difficulties with long-term memory can also have problems when language, events or even one’s own identity are affected. For some people the memory loss is temporary but for others, memory impairments are permanent and must be accepted and accommodated as part of the overall…

Source: PediatricEducation.orgCategory: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Source: AIDS CareCategory: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research

Why does your teenager drive you crazy? A new study used MRI tools such as…Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading:
AI-based model aids fMRI in ADHD detection
MRI illuminates causes of depression
fMRI shows how brains rebound from hemispherectomy
fMRI differentiates Gulf War illness from chronic fatigue
fMRI maps show dementia spreading through brain networks

A newly developed deep-learning artificial intelligence (AI) model is lending…Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading:
AI can predict cognitive development from MRI at birth
Machine learning, fMRI unlock cellular brain properties
fMRI shows how game therapy ‘rewires’ ADHD brains
MRI shows smaller brain volume in kids with ADHD
MRI, radiomics help diagnose, discern ADHD subtypes

Abstract
Children may be more vulnerable to the combined interactions of chemical and non-chemical stressors from their built, natural, and social environments when compared to adults. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed childhood neurodevelopmental disorder and is considered a major public health issue, as 75% of childhood cases persist into adulthood. ADHD is characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention, with the neurotransmitter serotonin regulating these symptoms. Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) aids in serotonin upta…

Source: Environmental ResearchCategory: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

While we all want our children not to have any problems at all, the reality is that life doesn’t always work that way. Many children suffer from some sort of problem, whether it’s something minor and often temporary, like a speech delay, or something more difficult and permanent, like cerebral palsy or autism.
Children with problems or disabilities are no less wonderful and deserving than children without. The key to getting them on the right path for the best life possible is identifying those problems and getting help — as early as possible. That’s why it’s important to speak up early. Somet…

Source: Harvard Health BlogCategory: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children’s Health Parenting Source Type: blogs

People living with autism
are sensitive to the social world and the environment in general. They could
experience great difficulties in social situations, have anxieties, fears,
phobias, or sensory sensitivities. On the other hand, they could be on good
terms with technologies: social stories apps can navigate them in difficult
situations, virtual and augmented reality can offer a safe space for them to
exercise, and artificial intelligence helps in early detection. We scoured the
ground carefully and hereby present you the intersections of autism and digital
health.

Raymond
Babbitt’s heritage and the chronicles …

Source: The Medical FuturistCategory: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine AI app AR artificial intelligence autism digital digital health digital technology games genetics health app health apps Innovation virtual reality VR Source Type: blogs

Abstract
Despite many studies examining a combination of self-report, behavioral, and neurophysiological measures, only few address whether these different levels of measurement indeed reflect one construct. The present study aids in filling this gap by exploring the association between self-report, behavioral, and electrophysiological measures of impulsivity and related constructs such as sensation seeking, reward responsiveness, and ADHD symptoms. Individuals across two large samples (n = 133 and n = 142) completed questionnaires and performed behavioral tasks (the Eriksen Flanker task, the Go/No-Go task, the Re…

Source: Biological PsychologyCategory: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Biol Psychol Source Type: research

Conclusion: This study found that HIV-infected pubertal children showed a delayed cortical maturation with atrophy. This abnormal pattern of cortical development may be the structural basis for cognitive impairment in HIV-infected children.


Introduction
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related encephalopathy is one of the most serious complications of AIDS and is more common in children than in adults (1). At present, there are nearly 2 million children living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the world, almost all newly infected children are infected through mother-to-child transmission (2). Effec…

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