Everything you need to know about Concerta

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Concerta is a type of medication that doctors sometimes prescribe to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a slow-release medication, meaning that if a person takes one pill in the morning, it will release the drug into the body throughout the day. Learn more here.

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This study explore how adult persons with ADHD with mental illness experienced taking part in a nurse-led lifestyle intervention. Fifteen participants participated in a 52-week lifestyle intervention. The analysis revealed two main categories; Building trusting relationships and Health together. This nurse-led lifestyle intervention could be an alternative or complement to current approaches to promoting health in adults with ADHD.
PMID: 32809885 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

AbstractThe epidemiology of mental disorders in early childhood is still under-researched. We aim to explore the incidence, comorbidities and risk factors of mental disorders in 0 –3-year-olds referred to hospital settings. In a national cohort of 918,280 children born in 1997–2010, we calculated incidence rates per 1,000 person-years (IR) of first-time mental and developmental disorders diagnosed in hospitals before four years of age. Data were obtained from Danish popul ation registries. We used logistic regression to analyse co-morbidity and Cox proportional hazard models to evaluate the influence of pre- an…

ObjectivesThe influence of food intake on behavioural disorders was already described in the early 20th century. Elimination of individually allergenic food items from individual diets [“oligoantigenic diet” (OD)] showed promise to improve attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. However, only few of the positive results were evaluated by blinded symptom rating. Therefore the present study’s purpose was to evaluate the reliability of a non-blinded rating of the ADHD Rating Scale IV (ARS) for the assessment of OD effects in comparison to a blinded rating of the ARS based on pseudonymized v…

ConclusionsThese findings illuminate the complex role of cognitive distortions, comorbidities, and personality traits in the presentation of adult ADHD. As such, this study has clinical and conceptual relevance for understanding the role, candidate mechanisms, and therapeutic targets of cognitive-behavioral therapy for adult ADHD, particularly the cognitive component.

Conclusion This study provides support for an early treatment program for CWS. The integrated stuttering and self-regulation management program for CWS with eADHD symptoms proved successful for fluency and behavioral improvements, which were sustained at follow-up.
PMID: 32812840 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Abstract
Nearly half of all youth with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have at least one parent who also meets criteria for the disorder, and intergenerational ADHD is a significant risk factor for poor outcomes following evidence-based behavioral parent training (BPT) programs. Given that BPT is predicated on consistent parental involvement, symptoms of ADHD in parents may be a significant barrier to effective engagement with BPT treatment. In the present investigation, we examine the effect of parental ADHD symptoms on BPT treatment engagement for children with ADHD-predominantly inattentive pres…

Source: Journal of Abnormal Child PsychologyCategory: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

AbstractThe aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Malay version of the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham Parent Rating Scale of attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) symptoms (M ‐SNAP‐IV). For this purpose, the SNAP‐IV scale was translated into the Malay language and was pilot‐tested on 91 parents of children aged 8 to 11 years (ADHD [n = 36] and non‐ADHD children [n = 55]). The findings depicted that the M‐SNAP‐IV has excellent content validity, internal co nsistency, and test‐retest reliability. The M‐SNAP‐IV is a valid and reliable screening tool to detect ADH…

Source: Asia-Pacific PsychiatryCategory: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

(Elsevier) A new study reports that the risk of being involved in car crashes increases for those diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP), published by Elsevier, looked specifically at the rate of car crashes by adulthood, which was 1.45 times higher in those with a childhood history of ADHD compared to adults with no ADHD.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder among children resulting in disturbances in their daily functioning. Virtual reality (VR) and machine learning technologies, such as deep learning (DL) application, are promising diagnostic tools for ADHD in the near future because VR provides stimuli to replace real stimuli and recreate experiences with high realism. It also creates a playful virtual environment and reduces stress in children. The DL model is a subset of machine learning that can transform input and output data into diagnostic values using convolutional neural network …

Translational Psychiatry, Published online: 17 August 2020; doi:10.1038/s41398-020-00971-7Polygenic risk score analysis revealed shared genetic background in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy

Source: Translational PsychiatryCategory: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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