Glucose Profiles in Healthy Term Infants in the First 5 Days: The Glucose in Well Babies (GLOW) Study

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The 67 infants had a mean birth weight of 3584 ± 349 g, and gestational age of 40.1 ± 1.2 weeks. The mean glucose concentrations increased over the first 18 hours, remained stable to 48 hours (59 ± 11 mg/dL; 3.3 ± 0.6 mmol/L)] before increasing to a new plateau by the fourth day (89 ± 13 mg/dL; 4.6 ± 0.7 mmol/L). Plasma glucose concentrations of 47 mg/dL (2.6 mmol/L) approximated the 10th percentile in the first 48 hours, and 39% of infants had ≥1 episode below this threshold. Early term infants had lower mean glucose concentrations than those born at later gestational ages and were more likely to have episodes <47 mg/dL (<2.6 mmol/L) (19/32 [59%] vs 7/35 [20%]; relative risk, 3.0; 95% CI, 1.4-6.1; P = .001).

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