Increase in Brain Volumes after Implementation of a Nutrition Regimen in Infants Born Extremely Preterm

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178 infants were retrospectively included (median gestational age 26.6 wks, IQR 25.9 – 27.3), of whom 99 received the old nutrition regimen (cohort A, 2011-2013) and 79 the new nutrition regimen (cohort B, 2013-2015). Intake of protein, lipids and calories was calculated for the first 28 postnatal days. Brain MRI was performed at 30 weeks post-menstrual age (PMA) (IQR 30.3-31.4) and term-equivalent age (TEA) (IQR 40.9-41.4). Volumes of 42 (left + right) brain structures were calculated.

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