Integration and segregation of the brain relate to stability of performance in children and adolescents with varied levels of inattention and impulsivity

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It is common to find that individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) produce more variable responses when performing cognitive tasks. The neural mechanism associated with heightened Response Time Variability (RTV) is not well understo…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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This article reviews the screening and assessment for adult ADHD along with pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic recommendations for the management of the disorder.

This article highlights the rationale for measurement-based care in ADHD, how to implement measurement-based care in clinical practice, and common challenges encountered.

The study of more than 186,000 Canadians found that those who suffered a concussion were more likely to develop any of several conditions, including: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); depression or anxiety; Parkinson’s disease; or dementia.

Source: WebMD HealthCategory: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 — Concussion is associated with an increased risk for diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), mood and anxiety disorders (MADs), dementia, and Parkinson disease, according to a study published online…

In this study, we investigated the associations between traffic violations, traffic accid…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Missing social contacts and altered routines, disturbed sleep and eating habits can be particularly intense for the kids with developmental challenges.

Source: NYT HealthCategory: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Special Education Children and Childhood Education (K-12) Parenting Intellectual Disabilities Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Quarantines Autism Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Source Type: news

Abstract
Methylmercury (MeHg) is an environmental neurotoxicant known to disrupt behavior related to dopamine neurotransmission in experimental models. Such disruptions are sensitive to dopamine agonists when administered acutely after exposure to MeHg has ended or when administered concurrently with MeHg exposure. Sustained attention and short-term remembering, components of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are partially mediated by dopamine neurotransmission. In order to observe MeHg-related alterations in sustained attention and short-term memory, as well as determine sensitivity of MeHg exposed…

Source: NeurotoxicologyCategory: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurotoxicology Source Type: research

Abstract
Modafinil is a wakefulness-promoting agent that is known to be used off-label as a cognitive enhancer and for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).1 There are increasing case reports of Modafinil-induced psychosis; however, this is the first to report a patient with ADHD to develop psychosis from Modafinil use.
PMID: 32713188 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Australasian PsychiatryCategory: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Australas Psychiatry Source Type: research

This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 6-week trial to assess the efficacy and safety of once-daily 100- and 200-mg SPN-812 in the treatment of ADHD in male and female children 6-11 years of age. Inclusion criteria required subjects to have a confirmed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, ADHD diagnosis, an ADHD-Rating Scale-5 (ADHD-RS-5) score ≥28, a Clinical Global Impression-Severity score ≥4, and for subjects to be free of ADHD medication ≥1 week before randomization. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change from baseline (CFB) at end of study (EOS) i…

Source: Clinical TherapeuticsCategory: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research

AbstractDue to lack of previous studies, we aimed at evaluating the use of the Five to Fifteen (FTF) questionnaire in adults with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) and in controls without NDD. The NDD group consisted of adults with autism spectrum disorder ASD (n = 183) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (n = 174) without intellectual disability, recruited from a tertiary outpatient clinic. A web survey was used to collect data from general population adult control group without NDD (n = 738). The participants were retrospectively rated by their parents regarding c…

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