Medication use for adhd and the risk of driving citations and crashes among teenage drivers: a population-based cohort study

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Objectives: To evaluate the real-world effectiveness of ADHD medications on adverse driving outcomes in teenage drivers with ADHD. Method: We retrospectively followed 15- to 20-year-old ADHD patients with valid driver’s license to compare the…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Conclusions: The present study detected arithmetic difficulties in Brazilian children with ADHD and the effects of methylphenidate. Given this improvement in sensitivity, combining tests could be a promising alternative when working with limited samples.Resumo Objetivo: Comparar as formas de avaliar as habilidades aritm éticas em crianças brasileiras com TDAH, combinando três testes neuropsicológicos validados, e verificar se são sensíveis ao tratamento com metilfenidato. Métodos: Quarenta e duas crianças (9 ‒ 12 anos) participaram deste estudo: 20 eram crian &ccedil…

Contributors : Samantha Eck ; Song-Jun Xu ; Debra A BangasserSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Rattus norvegicusBackground: Stress exacerbates symptoms of schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which are characterized by impairments in sustained attention. Yet how stress regulates attention remains largely unexplored. Here we investigated whether a 6-day variable stressor (VS) altered sustained attention and the cholinergic attention system in male and female rats.Methods: Sustained attention was tested with the sustained attention task (SAT). Successful perform…

Source: GEO: Gene Expression OmnibusCategory: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Rattus norvegicus Source Type: research

Publication date: Available online 28 April 2020Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and BiologyAuthor(s): Anatoly V. Skalny, Anna L. Mazaletskaya, Olga P. Ajsuvakova, Geir Bjørklund, Margarita G. Skalnaya, Svetlana V. Notova, Lyubov N. Chernova, Andrey A. Skalny, Tatiana I. Burtseva, Alexey A. Tinkov

Condition:   ADHD Intervention:   Drug: Methylphenidate Sponsors:   Mental Health Services in the Capital Region, Denmark;   Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark Completed

Source: ClinicalTrials.govCategory: Research Source Type: clinical trials

Publication date: Available online 28 April 2020Source: Academic PediatricsAuthor(s): Yair Bannett, Heidi M. Feldman, Rebecca M. Gardner, Ondrej Blaha, Lynne C. Huffman

CONCLUSIONS: Behaviours sensitive to rewards are separable to the components of variability and fixation, and these components are differentially related to affective aspects of personality, attention and hyperactivity as well as to TPH2 genotype.
PMID: 32338242 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Acta NeuropsychiatricaCategory: Psychiatry Tags: Acta Neuropsychiatr Source Type: research

CONCLUSIONS: The cognitive-processing speed (colour-form) and shift-cost measures before treatment proved most sensitive in differentiating patients with depression and ADHD. Reductions in naming times for the depression group were suggested to reflect improved psycho-motor skills rather than improved cognitive control.
PMID: 32338233 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Acta NeuropsychiatricaCategory: Psychiatry Tags: Acta Neuropsychiatr Source Type: research

Conclusions
Available data on homeopathy in psychiatric disorders are insufficient to support their use in clinical practice.

Children with reading and/or spelling disorders have increased rates of behavioral and emotional problems and combinations of these. Some studies also find increased rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder, anxiety disorder, and depression. However, the comorbidities of, e.g., arithmetic disorders with ADHD, anxiety disorder, and depression have been addressed only rarely. The current study explored the probability of children with specific learning disorders (SLD) in reading, spelling, and/or arithmetic to also have anxiety disorder, depression, ADHD, and/or conduct disorder. The sample …

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