Network structure of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms at preseason baseline in student athletes with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder

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OBJECTIVE: Preexisting attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be a risk factor for worse outcome following sport-related concussion. We used a statistical and psychometric approach known as network analysis to examine the architecture of physi…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Abstract
CONTEXT: In the absence of baseline testing, normative data may be used to interpret postconcussion scores on the clinical reaction-time test (RTclin). However, to provide normative data, we must understand the performance factors associated with baseline testing.
OBJECTIVE: To explore performance factors associated with baseline RTclin from among candidate variables representing demographics, medical and concussion history, self-reported symptoms, sleep, and sport-related features.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.
SETTING: Clinical setting (eg, athletic training room).
PATIENTS OR OTHER…

Source: J Athl TrainCategory: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Conclusions: Further research is needed to examine the role of sex, race, ADHD, and concussion history on concussion outcomes.
PMID: 32200661 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Brain InjuryCategory: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Conclusion: Baseline evaluation data revealed the presence of normal variability in a student athlete population. Left unrecognized, this can lead to errors in clinical recommendations given the nature of concussion. Certain individuals have risk factors which may increase the range of variability, and this should be explored further in future research.
PMID: 32191157 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: The Clinical NeuropsychologistCategory: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research

The objective of this study was to evaluate concussion-like symptom reporting among uninjured adolescents with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), stratified by several cooccurring conditions, and to examine the base rate and predictors of uni…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

AbstractBackgroundSports medicine clinicians routinely use computerized neurocognitive testing in sport-related concussion management programs. Debates continue regarding the appropriateness of normative reference comparisons versus obtaining individual baseline assessments, particularly for populations with greater likelihood of having below- or above-average cognitive abilities. Improving normative reference methods could offer alternatives to perceived logistical and financial burdens imposed by universal baseline testing.ObjectivesTo develop and validate the Concussion Assessment, Research, and Education (CARE) Consort…

Source: Sports MedicineCategory: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

To compare Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool Fifth Edition (Child SCAT5) performance between uninjured children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and precisely matched controls without ADHD.

Source: The Journal of PediatricsCategory: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 — College athletes with attention- deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be slower to recover from a concussion and may have more severe symptoms.
That’s the preliminary conclusion of a study of 120 U.S. college athletes…

ConclusionWork-related concussions are infrequent; however, most workers who sustain a concussion will miss work, and many return while still experiencing symptoms. Work-related concussion and days of missed work are mainly affected by non-modifiable factors. Workers, employers and the workers ’ compensation system should take necessary precautions to ensure that workers return to work safely and successfully following a concussion.

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 — Athletes with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with concussion seem to have longer recovery than controls, regardless of their psychostimulant medication status, according to a study presented at the…

Youth aged 9 to 18 years who played tackle football for two seasons did not experience significant, short-term changes in cognition from repeated head impacts that did not cause a concussion, according to astudy inJournal of Neurotrauma.However, younger age and a history of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) did predict decline in cognition among the young football players. Longer-term effects are unknown and require further research.“The study is showing us that sub-concussive impacts don’t seem to be associated with changes in neurocognitive function over two seasons of youth football,” said lead…

Source: Psychiatr NewsCategory: Psychiatry Tags: football football helmets head impacts non-concussive impacts repeated head trauma youth tackle football Source Type: research

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