Neuroscientists discover new structure of important protein in the brain

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(University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences) A novel structure of a so-called ‘neurotransmitter: sodium symporter’ has been mapped at the University of Copenhagen. The discovery adds to the researchers’ knowledge of neurotransmitters in the brain and may lead to better drugs for, for example, ADHD, depression and epilepsy.

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ConclusionsOur results indicate the prevalence of multiple comorbidities varies across the lifespan in DS, and in adults, rates for psychiatric comorbidities show different patterns for males and females relative to expected population rates. Further, most health comorbidities are not associated with poorer cognitive outcomes in DS, apart from autism and epilepsy. It is essential for clinicians to consider such differences to provide appropriate care and treatment for those with DS and to provide prognostic information relating to cognitive outcomes in those with comorbidities.

Sometimes the best goals are soft and squishy like an eggnog filled belly.It’s either very late or very early, depending on your point of view. Either way, I’m sitting here thinking deep, New Year’s-like thoughts. In the other room sleeps a friend who almost wasn’t my friend anymore until we patched things last week. Upstairs sleeps my third daughter whose heart is in need of mending as her marriage comes to an end. Hanging out with dad and his friend on New Year’s Eve was either a low point for her or just exactly what she needed.My thoughts are a warm blend of nostalgia and regret with a sub…

Wrapping up this year and looking back on the particularly interesting developments in medical technology, we at Medgadget are impressed and very excited about the future. We’re lucky to cover one of the most innovative fields of research and o…

Source: MedgadgetCategory: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Source Type: blogs

Abstract
One of the most common neurological disorder occurs among 1% of population worldwide is epilepsy. Therapeutic failure is common with epilepsy and nearly about 30% of patient fall in this category. Seizure suppression should not be the only goal while treating epilepsy but associated comorbidities which can further worsen the condition should also be considered. Treatment of such comorbidities like depression, anxiety, cognition, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and, various other disorder which co-exist with epilepsy or are caused due to epilepsy should also be treated. Novel targets or the existi…

Source: Epilepsy CurrCategory: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Mol Pharmacol Source Type: research

Publication date: Available online 30 November 2019Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Kai Ma, Jintai Yu, Wei Shao, Xijia Xu, Zhiqiang Zhang, Daoqiang ZhangAbstractPsychopath and neuropath often exhibit similar symptoms in clinical functional performances. However, few studies ever demonstrate the existence of overlapped brain functional mechanism between neurological and psychiatric disorders. Accordingly, in this paper, we have made an attempt to verify the existence of functional overlaps among neurological and psychiatric disorders through brain network analysis. Specifically, our findings suggest that functional overlaps e…

Source: NeuroscienceCategory: Neuroscience Source Type: research

AbstractPurpose of reviewRepetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a form of noninvasive brain stimulation that is used for the treatment of migraine and major depression in adults and is now being evaluated for use in other disorders. The purpose of this review is to summarize the physiology underlying TMS, the safety and tolerability in pediatric patients, and the evidence for TMS efficacy in the treatment of pediatric neurologic disorders.Recent findingsStudies investigating rTMS for adolescent depression, hemiparesis due to pediatric stroke, autism, and tics/Tourette syndrome have demonstrated some therape…

AbstractExposure to gestational stress is implicated in increased risk for neuropsychiatric disorders in offspring. We assessed association between prenatal exposure to a 1-month period of repeated rocket attacks during the 2006 Second Lebanon War in Northern Israel and emergence of childhood neuropsychiatric disorders from birth through 9  years of age. Children born to women who were pregnant during the war (N = 6999) were identified and compared to children in the same district born a year later (N = 7054), whose mothers were not exposed to rocket attacks during pregnancy. Multivariable …

Marijuana is more mainstream than it’s ever been. A growing number of states are legalizing it medicinally and recreationally; millions of people are vaping products that contain the compound THC (potentially to the detriment of their health); and non-psychoactive CBD is in everything from beauty products to seltzer water. This spring, Google searches for CBD exceeded searches for buzzy health topics like acupuncture, apple cider vinegar and meditation, according to a recent JAMA Network Open analysis.
The problem: Even though many consumers turn to cannabis compounds, known as cannabinoids, to soothe issues like dep…

Source: TIME: HealthCategory: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Mental Health/Psychology Source Type: news

This session will review new research data and clinical advances in epilepsy classification, diagnosis, and treatment to empower practicing child and adolescent psychiatrists with the new knowledge necessary for comprehensive mental health care of children with epilepsy (CWE). The presenters will discuss new research findings and clinical practice recommendations for most common mental health problems in CWE, such as ADHD and internalizing disorders, including suicide.

This study comprehensively reviews brain-impaired patients: The studies involving patient populations and the diseases discussed in more than 10 works are included. Eleven diseases examined in this paper include autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, depressive disorders, anxiety and panic disorder, schizophrenia, mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer ’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, and traumatic brain injury. For each disease, the tasks used for examination, fNIRS variables, and significant findings on the impairment are discussed. The channel configurations and t…

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