Pediatricians Stand By Meds For ADHD, But Some Say Therapy Should Come First

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New treatment guidelines don’t assuage concerns that some children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are being prescribed medication too soon, before behavioral interventions are tried.(Image credit: Alex Smith/KCUR)

Source: NPR Health and ScienceCategory: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news

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BACKGROUND: Little is known about methylphenidate (MPH) use and mortality outcomes.

AIMS: To investigate the association between MPH use and mortality among children with an attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis.

METHOD: This po…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

This study used a deep learning method to impute missing data in ADHD rating scales and evaluated the ability of the imputed dataset (i.e., the imputed data replacing the original missing values) to distinguish youths with ADHD from youths without ADHD. The data were collected from 1220 youths, 799 of whom had an ADHD diagnosis, and 421 were typically developing (TD) youths without ADHD, recruited in Northern Taiwan. Participants were assessed using the Conners’ Continuous Performance Test, the Chinese versions of the Conners’ rating scale-revised: short form for parent and teacher reports, and the Swanson, Nol…

CONCLUSIONS: MPH use is associated with a reduced overall mortality in children with ADHD in this cohort study, but unmeasured confounding cannot be excluded absolutely.
PMID: 32662370 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Although the number of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased considerably in recent years, there are few qualitative investigations of the experiences of adults with adult-d…

Source: BMC PsychiatryCategory: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

ConclusionsThis study identified the CLT to be a highly promising, new complex measure of short- and long-term decision making with good reliability and validity in individuals with severe obesity. Future studies should assess its association with the IGT and predictive value for real-life health behavior.

Conclusion, do not visit cardiologists. They will give you heart attacks. No, that’s ridiculous. It’s so mind blowing that anyone even said this, right? It’s just ugh. Obviously, people who are extremely sick and who are at risk of killing themselves get psychiatric care. No kidding. So, yeah, this is, in fact, very dangerous.
Gabe: The word bullshit is not big enough. This is the literal equivalent of me saying that I looked at fifty thousand people who went to the hospital in the last year. And you were much more likely to die if you had a hospital admission. Now, I’m talking physical health now. …

Source: World of PsychologyCategory: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Mental Health and Wellness Not Crazy Podcast Psychiatry Treatment Source Type: blogs

Conclusion The evaluation of health care offered by public mental health services is an important indicator of quality and resoluteness of actions, making it possible to identify the aspects to be improved or reinforced in work processes, in order to favor better care practices in childhood and adolescence.

Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, Ahead of Print.

Abstract
Excessive gross motor activity is a prominent feature of children with ADHD, and accruing evidence indicates that their gross motor activity is significantly higher in situations associated with high relative to low working memory processing demands. It remains unknown, however, whether children’s gross motor activity rises to an absolute level or accelerates incrementally as a function of increasingly more difficult cognitive processing demands imposed on the limited capacity working memory (WM) system – a question of both theoretical and applied significance. The present investigation examined the activ…

Source: Child NeuropsychologyCategory: Child Development Authors: Tags: Child Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Preterm-born infants frequently suffer from an array of neurological damage, collectively termed encephalopathy of prematurity (EoP). They also have an increased risk of presenting with a neurodevelopmental disorder (e.g., autism spectrum disorder; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) later in life. It is hypothesized that it is the gray matter injury to the cortex, in addition to white matter injury, in EoP that is responsible for the altered behavior and cognition in these individuals. However, although it is established that gray matter injury occurs in infants following preterm birth, the exact nature of these cha…

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