Racial differences between Black parents’ and White teachers’ perceptions of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder behavior

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This study compared ADHD ra…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Conclusion-Findings from this study highlight differences in the prevalence of developmental disabilities and use of services related to developmental disabilities by rural and urban residence.
PMID: 32510313 [PubMed – in process]

To investigate the preattentive change detection in preschool children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we compared the mismatch negativity (MMN) and P3a of event-related potentials (ERPs) between preschool ADHD and normal children using three-stimulus oddball paradigm. Analyzing MMN and P3a components, we found that MMN elicited by deviants and P3a elicited by novelty were significantly reduced in patients than in controls. In addition, the P3a amplitude was positive correlated to IQ and negatively correlated to hyperactivity, antagonistic defiance and conduct problems in Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham IV…

Source: NeuroReportCategory: Neurology Tags: Clinical Neuroscience Source Type: research

Condition:   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Combined Intervention:   Sponsors:   Donald Gilbert, MD, MS, FAAN, FAAP;   Hugo W. Moser Research Institute at Kennedy Krieger, Inc. Not yet recruiting

Taking choline supplements during pregnancy may reduce the negative impact of viral respiratory infections on offspring, according to astudy published in theJournal of Psychiatric Research.“The new analysis may provide information relevant to potential COVID-19 effects on fetal brain development and their interaction with higher prenatal maternal choline levels,” wrote Robert Freedman, M.D., of the University of Colorado School of Medicine and colleagues.Previous studies showed that infection in pregnant women can affect fetal brain development and may increase the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disord…

Source: Psychiatr NewsCategory: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD autism choline COVID-19 infant behavior Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised infections Journal of Psychiatric Research prenatal supplements Robert Freedman schizophrenia Source Type: research

Introduction
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can be defined in two key traits (inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity), which can effect day-to-day capabilities such as driving performance.

Methods
In this exploratory study, a samp…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

This study examined the levels of agreement between the reports of 207 adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their parents regarding the adolescents’ callous-unemotional (CU) traits and investigated the factors influencing ad…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

AbstractIndigenous communities lack representation in psychiatric epidemiology despite disproportionate exposure to risk factors. We document the cumulative and 12-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders across the early life course among a sample of Indigenous young adults and compare prospective and retrospective reporting of lifetime mental disorders. This community-based participatory research includes data from 735 Indigenous people from 8 reservations/reserves. Personal interviews were conducted between 2002 –2010 and 2017–2018 totaling 9 waves; diagnostic assessments of DSM-IV-TR alcohol abuse/dependen…

AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe aim of this review is to discuss benefits of mindfulness for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescents.Recent FindingsADHD is a developmental disorder that persists into adulthood for most of the cases. ADHD, an often lifelong condition, is characterized by prevalent impairment in numerous domains such as mental health, occupational, academic, and many more. Pharmacological treatment option (e.g., stimulant) is a core of treatment for ADHD. However, even after receiving proper pharmacological medications, numerous patients continue to experience impairment …

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