Stigma and Acceptance of Sierra Leone’s Child Soldiers: A Prospective Longitudinal Study of Adult Mental Health and Social Functioning


The authors gratefully acknowledge research support from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD; grant 4R01HD073349-05). Dr. Gilman’s contribution was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NICHD.

Theresa S. Betancourt (T.S.B.) accepts full responsibility for the work and the conduct of the study, had access to the data, and controlled the decision to publish. T.S.B. attests that all listed authors meet authorship criteria and that no others meeting the criteria have been omitted. T.S.B. attests that the manuscript is an honest, accurate, and transparent account of the study being reported; that no important aspects of the study have been omitted. T.S.B. supervised the study, and R.T.B. contributed significantly to the acquisition of data. T.S.B., D.L.T., R.T.B., T.V., and S.E.G. contributed to the analysis and interpretation of data. C.M.A. contributed to the presentation of quantitative results. All authors contributed to the drafting of the manuscript and approved the final version.

Drs. Brennan, Gilman, and VanderWeele served as the statistical experts for this research.

The authors would like to thank Sid Atwood, BA, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Kathy McGaffigan, MS, Ista Zahn, MA, and Dale Barnhart, ScD, of the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, for their tremendous assistance in data management, cleaning, and analysis. Above all, they would like to acknowledge the strength and perseverance of the participants who have experienced tremendous hardship yet find many pathways forward to achieve their ambitions.

Disclosure: Drs. Betancourt, Thomson, Brennan, Gilman, VanderWeele, and Ms. Antonaccio have reported no biomedical financial interests or potential conflicts of interest.

©2019 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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