This app helps people with special needs make friends

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Juliana Fetherman was in middle school when she started to notice that her younger brother, Michael, who has ADHD and autism, was having problems making friends.

Source: CNN.com – HealthCategory: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Discussion
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) was first clinically described in 1943 by Martin-Bell and in 1969 Lubs found a fragility at the terminal end of the X chromosome. In 1991, three different research groups independently cloned the mutation for the FMR1 gene (Fragile X mental retardation type 1) which has a CGG triplet expansion. The FMR1 gene codes for the FMR protein which is a major regulator of synaptic plasticity and is expressed in the brain and spermatogonia mainly but many other tissues during fetal and early neonatal development. The number of triplets and methylation correlates with clinical expression (increased…

Source: PediatricEducation.orgCategory: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

CONCLUSION: It should be routine to screen for cognitive and behavioral difficulties for all patients with DS. There is a need for more robust studies regarding intellectual and behavioral disorders in patients with DS. These should be large population-based or multinational studies that employ standardized instruments.
PMID: 32334365 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Epilepsy and BehaviourCategory: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research

This study examined mathematics achievement in school-aged children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or typical development (TD) over a 30-month period and the associations between cognitive and reading abilities with mathematics achievement in children with ASD. Seventy-seven children with ASD without intellectual disability (ASD-WoID), 39 children with ADHD, and 43 children with TD participated in this study. The results revealed that the ASD-WoID and ADHD samples displayed significant and comparable delays in problem solving and calculation abilities. Lowe…

ard J
Abstract
AIM: To compare the prevalence of mental disorders (MDs) in a cohort of children and adolescents with and without cerebral palsy (CP) and to explore whether there is an association between MDs and the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level.
METHOD: A register-linkage follow-up study of 10- to 16-year children with CP (identified in the Danish National Cerebral Palsy Registry, n = 893), and 2627 children without CP, matched by gender and age. Information on MDs was obtained from the National Patient Registry in Denmark and based on ICD-10-codes. Conditional logistic r…

Source: European Journal of Paediatric NeurologyCategory: Neurology Authors: Tags: Eur J Paediatr Neurol Source Type: research

Authors: Andrade C
Abstract
Many observational studies have found an association between antidepressant drug prescription during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability. The results of such studies cannot be considered conclusive because of the possible presence of inadequately measured, unmeasured, and unknown confounds. In this context, maternal anemia before or at but not after 30 weeks of gestation was recently associated with an increased risk of all 3 of these neurodevelopmental disorders. Additionally, …

BOSTON (AP) — At school, Rose Hayes, 8, works with a team of teachers and therapists trained to help with her genetic condition. They set goals for her reading, give her physical therapy to improve her balance and make sure she stays on track. But for the last two weeks, her only connection to school has been through a computer screen.
Rose, home amid the coronavirus pandemic that has shuttered schools across the country, now watches lessons her teacher posts to YouTube. Her therapists check in via video chat. In between, she works through daily assignments.
Her parents say it’s the best they can expect, but th…

Publication date: May 2020Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 100Author(s): Matthew Carl Zajic, Emily Jane Solari, Nancy Susan McIntyre, Lindsay Lerro, Peter Clive Mundy

Authors: Léger M, Piat N, Jean FA, Galera C, Bouvard MP, Amestoy A
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Different studies centered on social relationship issues among ADHD children struggled to provide a unicist explanation between primary social cognition process alteration on the one hand and a mere symptomatic outcome of the disorder triad on the other. Some authors support the idea of a potential “social phenotype” shared at a different intensity by Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The point of the study is to characterize this possible social disability in a …

Source: L EncephaleCategory: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

Scientists say current system for labelling children with difficulties is ‘too simple’Learning difficulties are not linked to differences in particular brain regions, but in how the brain is wired, research suggests.According to figures from the Department for Education, 14.9% of all pupils in England – about 1.3 million children – had special educational needs in January 2019, with 271,200 having difficulties that required support beyond typical special needs provision. Dyslexia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism and dyspraxia are among conditions linked to learning dif ficult…

Source: Guardian Unlimited ScienceCategory: Science Authors: Tags: Neuroscience Dyslexia Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Autism Health Education Society Schools Source Type: news

Authors: Biederman J, DiSalvo M, Woodworth KY, Fried R, Uchida M, Biederman I, Spencer TJ, Surman C, Faraone SV
Abstract
BACKGROUND.: A growing body of research suggests that deficient emotional self-regulation (DESR) is common and morbid among attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients. The main aim of the present study was to assess whether high and low levels of DESR in adult ADHD patients can be operationalized and whether they are clinically useful.
METHODS.: A total of 441 newly referred 18- to 55-year-old adults of both sexes with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Fifth…

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