Transdiagnostic study of impulsivity dimensions. Comparative analysis of impulsivity profiles in adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and borderline personality disorder

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INTRODUCTION: High levels of impulsivity represent a core feature of various psychiatric conditions, such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), Impulse Control and Conduct Disorders, Bulimia Nervosa, Sub…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Objective: Both qualitative and quantitative analyses were used to (a) describe the romantic and sexual relationships of adolescents with ADHD and (b) examine how ADHD-related impairments (e.g., social skill deficits and emotion dysregulation [ED]) …

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Condition:   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Intervention:   Other: ADHD360 platform: An intervention intergrating a serious game along with a mobile application for daily behavioral monitoring. Sponsor:   Aristotle University Of Thessaloniki Recruiting

Source: ClinicalTrials.govCategory: Research Source Type: clinical trials

Discussion
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) was first clinically described in 1943 by Martin-Bell and in 1969 Lubs found a fragility at the terminal end of the X chromosome. In 1991, three different research groups independently cloned the mutation for the FMR1 gene (Fragile X mental retardation type 1) which has a CGG triplet expansion. The FMR1 gene codes for the FMR protein which is a major regulator of synaptic plasticity and is expressed in the brain and spermatogonia mainly but many other tissues during fetal and early neonatal development. The number of triplets and methylation correlates with clinical expression (increased…

Source: PediatricEducation.orgCategory: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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The association between hyperacusis and developmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders has been extensively reported in the literature; however, the specific prevalence of hyperacusis in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has never been investigated. In this preliminary study, we evaluated the presence of hyperacusis in a small sample of children affected by ADHD compared to a control group of healthy children. Thirty normal hearing children with a diagnosis of ADHD and 30 children matched for sex and age were enrolled in the study. All children underwent audiological and mult…

CONCLUSION: Famous people with ADHD in this study revealed high skill levels in occupation, offering positive aspects of ADHD in adults.
PMID: 32321205 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

This study aimed to compare the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) profiles of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and typically-developing children (TC) in Korea.
METHODS: The Korean version of the WISC-IV and the Advanced Test of Attention (ATA) were administered to 377 children and adolescents: 224 with ADHD (age 8.2±2.1 years, 182 boys) and 153 TC (age 8.7±2.4 years, 68 boys). Partial correlation and an analysis of covariance were used to investigate the relationship between the scores of the WISC-IV and the ATA.
RESULTS: The mean score of …

AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe review recent research concerning the diagnosis and treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in young people. We examine evidence for the need to define an appropriate age for detection, and the suitability of current classification methods and treatment.Recent FindingsEvidence supports early detection and intervention for subsyndromal borderline pathology or categorical BPD across an extended developmental period. A range of structured treatments are effective for BPD in young people, although the role of treatment components in successful outcomes is unclear. Substantial evidence sug…

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a diagnosis relating to neurocognitive impairments associated with prenatal alcohol exposure. A key aspect of improving FASD diagnostic processes and management is understanding the demographic and neurocognitive profile of those living with FASD. The aim of this study was to describe the demographic and neurocognitive profile of the first 199 individuals diagnosed with FASD in PATCHES Paediatrics clinics.
METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study design was conducted with individuals diagnosed with FASD between 2013 and 2018 thro…

ConclusionsASD and ADHD items loaded on separate components in our sample, suggesting that the measurement structure cannot explain the covariation between the two disorders in clinical samples. High levels of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity were seen in both ASD and ADHD in our clinical sample. This supports the need for a dimensional framework that examines neurodevelopmental domains across traditional diagnostic boundaries. Females also had lower component scores across social-communication, RRBI, and hyperactivity/impulsivity than males, suggesting that there may be gender-specific phenotypes related to the two conditions.

Source: Molecular AutismCategory: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

Publication date: Available online 23 April 2020Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Wenhao Jiang, Kuaikuai Duan, Kelly Rootes-Murdy, Pieter J. Hoekstra, Catharina A. Hartman, Jaap Oosterlaan, Dirk Heslenfeld, Barbara Franke, Jan Buitelaar, Alejandro Arias-Vasquez, Jingyu Liu, Jessica A. Turner

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