What to know about ADHD misdiagnosis

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The symptoms of ADHD tend to resemble those of other conditions, which may result in a misdiagnosis. Some characteristics of ADHD may also be symptoms of other conditions. Learn more about why a doctor might misdiagnose ADHD here.

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This week’s Psychology Around the Net takes a look at the mental health care treatment barriers LGBTQ teens and young adults face, what business owners can do to cope with the mental stress brought on by COVID-19, how older adults with pre-existing depression are exhibiting resilience during the pandemic and quarantine, and more.

Entrepreneurship Was Tough Before COVID-19. Now It’s Testing Founders’ Mental Limits: Jocelyn Kung, CEO of The Jung Group, discusses the research her company has been doing regarding how business leaders have been dealing with their own mental stresses brought on by the coronavi…

Source: World of PsychologyCategory: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Psychology Around the Net business coronavirus COVID-19 inspiration porn LGBTQ pandemic virtual healthcare Source Type: blogs

We examined a total of 3600 nights, recorded using actigraphy in participants belonging to the following groups: primary insomnia (731 nights); narcolepsy type 1 (1069 nights); attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (152 nights in children and 239 in adults); severe obesity (232 nights); essential hypertension (226 nights); menopause (143 nights); healthy controls (808 nights). In a naturalistic activity-based PM task, each participant originally wore an actigraph around the non-dominant wrist and was requested to push the event-marker button at two specific times of day: bedtime (activity 1) and get-up time (activity 2)…

Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public HealthCategory: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

A large and growing body of literature supports the association between cocaine addiction and impulsivity. The aim of the study was to test whether pretreatment screening for adult ADHD, and self-report and behavioral measures of impulsivity have prognostic utility in clinical practice with cocaine users. We enrolled a cohort of N= 86 treatment-seeking cocaine users, assisted by a public addiction service, in a 24 week study. At baseline, we performed screening for adult ADHD, assessed the presence of co-occurring mental disorders, and applied measures of drug use severity, trait-like impulsivity (Barratt Impulsiveness Sca…

Source: Journal of Substance Abuse TreatmentCategory: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research

Publication date: Available online 19 August 2020Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Jennifer Wernicke, Yingying Zhang, Andrea Felten, Jun Du, Shuxia Yao, Juan Kou, Yuanshu Chen, Keith M. Kendrick, Benjamin Becker, Martin Reuter, Christian Montag

Conclusions: Impaired inhibitory performance and increased neural activity in TS appear to manifest predominantly in relation to ADHD symptomatology.
PMID: 32821008 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: The World Journal of Biological PsychiatryCategory: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: World J Biol Psychiatry Source Type: research

This study explore how adult persons with ADHD with mental illness experienced taking part in a nurse-led lifestyle intervention. Fifteen participants participated in a 52-week lifestyle intervention. The analysis revealed two main categories; Building trusting relationships and Health together. This nurse-led lifestyle intervention could be an alternative or complement to current approaches to promoting health in adults with ADHD.
PMID: 32809885 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Abstract
Earlier reports showed the co-occurrence of a motivation deficit in children with ADHD. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of extrinsic motivation on selected aspects of attention in children with ADHD, as well as to measure cortical activity and dimensions of motivation as per the self-determination theory. The study included 30 children with ADHD and 30 typically developing (TD) children aged 9-13 years. Children with ADHD exhibited a higher theta/beta power ratio (TBR) in the midline and a lower regional cerebral blood oxygenation (rCBO2) level in prefrontal areas measured using th…

AbstractThe epidemiology of mental disorders in early childhood is still under-researched. We aim to explore the incidence, comorbidities and risk factors of mental disorders in 0 –3-year-olds referred to hospital settings. In a national cohort of 918,280 children born in 1997–2010, we calculated incidence rates per 1,000 person-years (IR) of first-time mental and developmental disorders diagnosed in hospitals before four years of age. Data were obtained from Danish popul ation registries. We used logistic regression to analyse co-morbidity and Cox proportional hazard models to evaluate the influence of pre- an…

ObjectivesThe influence of food intake on behavioural disorders was already described in the early 20th century. Elimination of individually allergenic food items from individual diets [“oligoantigenic diet” (OD)] showed promise to improve attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. However, only few of the positive results were evaluated by blinded symptom rating. Therefore the present study’s purpose was to evaluate the reliability of a non-blinded rating of the ADHD Rating Scale IV (ARS) for the assessment of OD effects in comparison to a blinded rating of the ARS based on pseudonymized v…

ConclusionsThese findings illuminate the complex role of cognitive distortions, comorbidities, and personality traits in the presentation of adult ADHD. As such, this study has clinical and conceptual relevance for understanding the role, candidate mechanisms, and therapeutic targets of cognitive-behavioral therapy for adult ADHD, particularly the cognitive component.

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