Youngest in Classroom Diagnosed More Often With ADHD, Other Problems

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Title: Youngest in Classroom Diagnosed More Often With ADHD, Other ProblemsCategory: Health NewsCreated: 9/23/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 9/24/2019 12:00:00 AM

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Authors: Miller J, Perera B, Shankar R
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: ADHD causes significant distress and functional impairment in multiple domains of daily life. Therefore, diagnosis and treatment are important to improve the quality of life of people. The pharmacotherapy for ADHD is well established but needs systematic evaluation in Intellectual Disability (ID) populations.
AREAS COVERED: This paper reviews the ADHD pharmacological treatment in people with ID using the PRISMA guidance for scoping reviews to help identify the nature and strength of evidence.
EXPERT OPINION: In the last 20 years, seven rando…

Traffic accidents (TA) are a public health issue worldwide. Every year the mortality rate increases due to these events. It has been demonstrated that individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at greater risk of having TA than he…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

AbstractAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a high prevalence of co-occurring with emotion dysregulation (ED). Youths with ADHD and ED are more likely to have increased functional impairment. There is accumulating research on defining the features, behavioral, and physiological manifestations of ED, but there are currently few studies elucidating neuroanatomical correlations of ED in ADHD. Structural magnetic resonance imaging data from 118 children (aged 7 –18 years) with ADHD (50 ADHD+high ED, 68 ADHD+low ED), and 104 typically developing controls (TDC) were processed using voxel-based morphome…

AbstractParents of children with ADHD experience several difficulties while raising their children and report lower levels of knowledge about their children ’s life and behaviors. A recent study found that low levels of parental knowledge mediated the association between ADHD symptoms and risk-taking behavior (RTB) in adolescents. The current study aimed to investigate this previous finding further by replicating it, by taking peer influence into acco unt as additional social factor of importance and by extending it and also investigate the role of parental knowledge in the association between ADHD symptoms and homew…

Publication date: Available online 21 July 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Hanna C. Gustafsson, Elinor L. Sullivan, Eleanor A. J. Battison, Kathleen F. Holton, Alice M. Graham, Sarah L. Karalunas, Damien A. Fair, Jennifer M. Loftis, Joel T. Nigg

We examined the cumulative effect of MPH on burn injury risk using Cox proportional hazards models. We conducted a sensitivity analysis for immortal time bias using a time-dependent Cox model and within-patient comparisons using the self-controlled case series model.
RESULTS: Children with ADHD taking MPH had a reduced risk of burn injury, with a cumulative duration of treatment dose-related effect, compared with those not taking MPH. Compared with children with ADHD not taking MPH, the adjusted hazard ratio for burn injury was 0.70 in children taking MPH for

This study’s aim was to investigate whether the incidence of neutropenia was higher in subjects who received a combination pharmacotherapy with valproate (VPA), antipsychotics (APs), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication than in those administered only VPA and APs combination pharmacotherapy. We conducted this study through retrospective review of medical records. We collected the records of 231 children admitted to the National Center for Mental Health. The incidence of neutropenia was significantly higher in the VPA-APs-ADHD combination group than in the other groups (55.2% vs. 25% vs. 12%, VPA +…

Condition:   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Intervention:   Behavioral: Challenging Horizons Program Sponsors:   Ohio University;   Lehigh University Completed

This article will focus on two models of decision making that involve explicit punishment, both of which recapitulate different aspects of consequences during human decision making. We will discuss each behavioral protocol, the parameters to consider when designing an experiment, and finally how such animal models can be utilized in studies of psychiatric disease. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol 1: Behavioral training Support Protocol: Equipment testing Alternate Protocol: Reward discrimination Basic Protocol 2: Risky decision-making task (RDT) Basic Protocol 3: Delayed punishment decision-making task (DP…

BACKGROUND: Pathological Demand Avoidance (PDA) is a developmental disorder involving challenging behaviour clinically linked to Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Many of the problematic features of PDA are often seen in persons with attention deficit hypera…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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